Why is it important to monitor carefully the sows 2 weeks before farrowing?

Sows should be observed carefully during the first few days after farrowing. Lack of appetite, listlessness, and failure to respond positively to nursing activity of the pigs indicate need for corrective treatment. Prevention of these conditions will decrease incidence and severity of the MMA syndrome. Sows should be encouraged to stand up in the farrowing area 2-3 times daily. This stimulates feed and water consumption, encourages normal elimination of excreta and gives the manager an opportunity for good observation. Some sows may need exercise outside the farrowing area. Feeding the Pig During Lactation.It is important to monitor your farrowing house at all times to ensure the best productivity of your pig unit. Use this information to maximise the potential of piglets and sows. If a newborn piglet’s temperature does not steadily increase back to normal, it will become lethargic, less competitive and more prone to starvation, disease and death.



Why do you monitor the sow during gestation period?

During gestation, it is important to meet the sows’ nutrient requirements for foetus production and udder growth through balanced feeding. It is crucial to restore body condition after weight loss from the farrowing unit because a negative energy balance increases the risk of abortion.

Why it is important to monitor the intake of lactating sows?

The lactating sow needs energy and nutrients to maintain body tissues and support milk production, while allowing for maternal growth. Excessive negative nutrient balance during lactation can be minimized by increasing sows feed intake or, to a lesser extent, increasing nutrient concentrations of the diet.

What are the signs that you can observe on the sow before farrowing?

Respiratory rate increases, and sometimes pigs will breathe through open mouths. Also the vulva swells and softens, sows/gilts exhibit abdominal contractions, mammary gland develops and finally milk let down. Milk let down is usually within 24 hours of farrowing.

What are the importance of assisting sows during farrowing?

The Birth Process.

Attending sows at farrowing decreases the number of “stillborn” pigs that die during birth or within the first few hours afterwards; pigs can be freed from membranes, weak pigs revived, and care can be given that reduces other deaths in the first few days after farrowing.

How do you know when a sow is ready to Farrow?

Knowing When a Sow Will Farrow. The sow must be at the right place at the right time for farrowing, according to the management system used. Recorded breeding dates, calculated farrowing dates, and close observation are essential for proper farrowing management.

What is the role of the sow in farrowing management?

Both sows and piglets are involved in farrowing management. The sow must be managed so that she provides nutrition to her nursing litter while maintaining a health status that allows continued productivity in future breeding cycles. It is important to consider environmental control that keeps both sow and litter comfortable.

Why is it important to monitor my farrowing house?

It is important to monitor your farrowing house at all times to ensure the best productivity of your pig unit. Use this information to maximise the potential of piglets and sows. If a newborn piglet’s temperature does not steadily increase back to normal, it will become lethargic, less competitive and more prone to starvation, disease and death.

How long does it take for a cow to Farrow after feeding?

Feed a ration with laxative effect from 110 days. If bulky ingredients are used remove these from the ration soon after farrowing. Farrowing will usually occur within 24 hours after milk is present. As farrowing approaches, sows may be restless and excitable; some may be vicious.

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