Introduction. The femur is the longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the human body. The main function of the femur is weight bearing and stability of gait. Function As the femur is the only bone in the thigh, it serves as an attachment point for all the muscles that exert their force over the hip and knee joints. Some biarticular muscles – which cross two joints, like the gastrocnemius and plantaris muscles – also originate from the femur. Function . The femur is the primary bone of the leg. It supports the weight of the body on the leg and is capable of carrying 30 times the weight of the body.femur (n.) 1560s, at first in English as an architectural term; 1799 as “thighbone;” from Latin femur “thigh, upper part of the thigh,” which is of unknown origin. Entries linking to femur
What is the structure and function of the femur?
femur, also called thighbone, upper bone of the leg or hind leg. The head forms a ball-and-socket joint with the hip (at the acetabulum), being held in place by a ligament (ligamentum teres femoris) within the socket and by strong surrounding ligaments.
What does your femur protect?
The femur is the longest bone in the human skeleton. It functions in supporting the weight of the body and allowing motion of the leg. The femur articulates proximally with the acetabulum of the pelvis forming the hip joint, and distally with the tibia and patella to form the knee joint.
What is a femur?
Your thighbone (femur) is the longest and strongest bone in your body. Because the femur is so strong, it usually takes a lot of force to break it. Motor vehicle collisions, for example, are the number one cause of femur fractures. The long, straight part of the femur is called the femoral shaft.
What is the function of the femur for kids?
The femur is the thighbone in tetrapods. It connects to the pelvis (hip) at the upper end and to the knee at the lower end. It connects with the hip by a ball-and-socket joint which allows freedom of movement. The lower end of the femur forms a hinge with the lower leg known as the knee.
What is the function of femur bone?
The femur is the largest and strongest bone in the body responsible for transmitting force from the tibia to the hip joint. The femur is also the place of attachment for many muscles and ligaments. … The femur is attached to the hip via a ball and socket joint, providing movement and a source to articulate the pelvis.
Where is the femur located in the body?
The femur is found in the thigh. It is the largest bone in the body and is the only bone in the upper leg. The femur is known as a long bone.
What is the origin of the word ‘ femur’?
The name of the bone is derived from the Latin word ‘ femur ‘, meaning ‘thigh’. It is the only bone present in the thigh region, extending from the hip to the knee. Femur supports all of the body’s weight while standing or doing other activities like running, walking, or jumping.
What does the neck and head of the femur contain?
The neck and head of the femur contain spongy bone. The femur is the primary bone of the leg. It supports the weight of the body on the leg and is capable of carrying 30 times the weight of the body. The femur provides the ability for articulation and leverage for the leg. Articulation allows for standing, walking, and running.