What preparations should be taken before farrowing?
Make sure there are no holes, tears and worn mats. Do not put powder on the mats before farrowing, as it can reduce the mat temperature. All heat lamps or electric mats must work properly; set heat lamps at correct height, centered above the mat. Make sure bulbs and shades are clean to achieve proper temperature.
What to do when pigs are farrowing?
After farrowing, gradually increase the ration so that the sow is on full feed by seven to ten days after farrowing if she has had at least eight pigs in the litter. Feed a high-energy diet during lactation to support milk production.
What do you do when a sow is giving birth?
Gently rubbing the udder will make the sow relax and lie on her side in the position to give birth. Farrowing is a natural process and the sow will usually need no help. Once the first piglet is born the others, and the afterbirth, will quickly follow. Farrowing should be completed within 2 to 3 hours.
How to manage farrowing?
The sow must be at the right place at the right time for farrowing, according to the management system used. Recorded breeding dates, calculated farrowing dates, and close observation are essential for proper farrowing management. Signs during late pregnancy help to ensure that sows do not farrow at the wrong place and without proper attention.
How do you care for a Sows about to Farrow?
Sows about to farrow should be observed approximately every 30 to 60 minutes. Familiarizing yourself with the normal birthing process is the first step in knowing when your intervention is needed. Provide a clean and dry farrowing environment. Move sows to farrowing quarters from 1 to 5 days prior to the expected farrowing date.
What are the best tips for farrowing pigs?
Ross Kiehne, DVM, and staff at the Swine Vet Center in St. Peter, MN, have compiled a top 10 list of successful farrowing tips: Prepare farrowing rooms. Ensure rooms are warm enough and controls are reset for newly farrowed pigs. Ensure hot boxes are cleaned, dried and disinfected and drying agents are available.
How long does it take for a pig to Farrow?
As farrowing approaches, sows may be restless and excitable; some may be vicious. Normal farrowing may be completed in less than 1 hour, or may exceed 5 hours. Injection of oxytocin can shorten total farrowing time but should not be used until at least one pig has been born and if there are indications that the birth canal may be obstructed.