In this article you will learn
The third trimester of pregnancy
The last trimester of pregnancy, final sprint! It is probably the most exciting trimester because it ends with the highlight of pregnancy: the birth of your child. In this article we answer the most frequently asked questions about the 29th week of pregnancy to the 40th week of pregnancy: How does the fetus develop?
The pregnancy trimesters at a glance:
In order to keep track of the time during pregnancy and to know the developmental status of the baby, we speak of pregnancy weeks (1st to 40th week of pregnancy) or pregnancy trimesters (first to third pregnancy trimester):
- First trimester: 1st to 12th week of pregnancy
- Second trimester: 13th to 28th week of pregnancy
- Third trimester: 29th to 40th week of pregnancy
“How does the fetus develop in the third trimester of pregnancy?”
In the third and final trimester of pregnancy, the excitement mounts: the baby in your womb is already fully developed and viable. Before the 37th week of pregnancy, it is still considered a premature baby, but medical measures can usually successfully support the start in life in the event of a premature birth.
Since the 25th week of pregnancy, the child has officially been equipped with everything it needs to survive outside the womb: the brain, nervous system and organs are fully developed, grasping and swallowing reflexes have been perfected. Nevertheless, the third trimester is essential for the baby to gain height and weight.
By the time of birth, the fetus has grown to a length of about 50 cm and a weight of 3,500 g. Between 35 weeks and 37 weeks the child turns into the birth position. You notice that when the so-called sinking pains start. The child then lies head down and sinks a little deeper into the pelvis. So it is in the optimal position for the birth.
“What symptoms can arise in the last trimester of pregnancy?”
It gets difficult in the last third of pregnancy, because of course you notice that your baby is going through a growth spurt this trimester. In the last phase of pregnancy, the following symptoms are not uncommon:
- Gastrointestinal complaints
- Back pain
- Shortness of breath
- Circulatory problems and dizziness
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Water retention in hands and feet
The baby's size puts pressure on your organs, which can result in gastrointestinal distress, heartburn, and shortness of breath. However, as soon as the fetus has turned into the birth position and is lying lower in the pelvis, these symptoms subside somewhat: you have a little more space for yourself in your body again. Sleeping with your legs slightly elevated during the night helps against water retention (oedema).
To stimulate blood flow and circulation, it can also help to shower your legs alternately with warm and cold water. In addition, joint-friendly exercise in the form of walks and small swimming units helps. If the circulatory problems increase, it is important not to overexert yourself: feet up – and contact the attending gynecology practice in the event of severe symptoms.
“What do the previous contractions in the last third of pregnancy mean?”
< p>In the last trimester of pregnancy (29th to 40th week of pregnancy) you will always notice slight previous contractions. Don't worry, that doesn't mean your child is going to hit the road right away.
How do contractions feel?
As described above, the so-called sinking pains serve to bring the baby into the right position. Of course, every pregnant person experiences these contractions differently. Some pregnant women don't feel them at all, others have to breathe them out.
The contractions are noticeable through a pulling in the lower back or abdomen, so they can be compared to menstrual pain. Others feel them down to their thighs.
How does pre-pain feel?
Many pregnant women perceive the pre-term contractions a little more intensely than the contractions: they are also noticeable through a pulling in the abdomen or lower back. The abdomen is hard and tight. Preterm labor usually occurs from the 36th week of pregnancy. They are a kind of gymnastics program for the uterus: the uterus contracts and trains for the birth with this muscle training.
How can I distinguish between pre-labor and labor pains?
< p>Preterm labor occurs at irregular intervals, while labor pains are rhythmic and occur five to seven minutes apart. Unlike pre-pains, they get stronger at rest. The body initiates labor and the following contractions will occur:
- Initial contractions: Beginning of labor
- Transitional contractions: During labor
- Pushing contractions: Just before End of birth
- Aftermath: Immediately after delivery
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“What needs to be prepared for the birth?”
You should attend a birth preparation course by the third trimester at the latest and take the exact birth plan with you decided by the midwife. It is best to take your partner with you so that he or she knows how to support you during the birth.
So that you can look forward to the birth with the onset of labor as relaxed as possible, you should prepare a few things in the third trimester of pregnancy. Use the last few weeks of your pregnancy to pack your hospital bag and the baby's. It also makes sense if your partner already has a packed bag ready for them. Here is a small check list:
- Documents: Maternity card, insurance card, your ID and that of your partner
- Hospital bag for pregnant women: Three nightgowns, plenty of underwear made from natural fibers, comfortable clothing, a bathrobe, sanitary towels for post-operative bleeding, flip-flops, thick socks, nursing pads, lanolin cream (for sensitive nipples) and nursing Bras, toiletries and body oil, phone charger, comfortable clothes for the ride home
- Baby hospital bag: three long-sleeved rompers, socks, gloves, hat, clothes for the journey home, diapers, baby wipes