Wild boars are sexually mature at 18 months of age, but a male will not usually mate until he is about four years old. During the autumn mating season, the male joins a herd of females and fights any male who challenges his position.
At what age should you start using a boar for breeding purposes?
Can use to breed at 6-7 months of age – occasional service; Ensure that first mating is successful. Use a small, quiet sow or gilt in good estrus.
How old does a pig have to be to get pregnant?
The female pig (sow) is ready to breed (reaches puberty) at 5 months of age and will show signs of being in heat. Some slow growing types and animals which are underfed will be older when they reach puberty. The sow will come into heat every 3 weeks throughout the year if she is not mated.
What is the minimum age for successful breeding in boars?
The minimum age for successful breeding in boars is 7.5 months. Gilts should be bred on the second or third heat to take advantage of the expected increase in ovulation rate that usually occurs following puberty. You can view the full FAO Farmer’s Hand Book on Pig Production by clicking here.
How old do pigs have to be to breed?
Most breeding stock pigs (both boars and gilts) are ready to breed when they are 8 months old and weigh 300 pounds. For the gilt, this will make her first litter due when she is a year old. Boars may need to be closer to 10 months old, especially if you are wanting him to breed sows.
What is the best age to sell boars and gilts?
In order for the seed stock producer to measure performance to acceptable off test weights, delivery of boars and gilts to the buyer is seldom earlier than 5.5 months of age. Sexual maturity and reproductive performance also are highly age dependent. The minimum age for successful breeding in boars is 7.5 months.
When can a young boar be used for service?
While the age at which a young boar can first be used varies between breeds and individuals, the general rule is that a young boar should not be used for service until he is at least 28–30 weeks of age. Boars used at too early an age may have their working life considerably shortened and their breeding ability impaired.